PREVENT ESCAPE Project Compendium (full)

Executive Summary PREVENT ESCAPE

Chapter 1. Escapes of fishes from European sea-cage aquaculture: environmental consequences and the need to better prevent escapes

Chapter 2. A pan-European evaluation of the extent, causes and cost of escape events from sea-cage fish farming

Chapter 3.1. Do farming environments and the inherent behaviours of fish predispose some species to higher rates of escape?

Chapter 3.2. Factors affecting escape-related behaviours in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L)

Chapter 3.3. The escape-related behaviour of European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) and gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata)

Chapter 3.4. Escape behaviour of gilthead seabream and European seabass in commercial sea cages

Chapter 3.5. General conclusions & recommendations for preventing and mitigating escape-related fish behaviour

Chapter 4.1. The importance of identifying escaped fish from aquaculture and determining their post-escape behaviours for environmental and fisheries management

Chapter 4.2. Methods to identify escaped Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.)

Chapter 4.3. Methods to identify escaped seabass and seabream

Chapter 4.4. Post-escape dispersal of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) and juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.)

Chapter 4.5. Post-escape behaviours of farmed seabream and seabass

Chapter 4.6. Recommendations for identification of escapees and conclusions from risk assessment analysis

Chapter 5.1. A novel form of escape of fish from sea cages: the problem of ‘escape through spawning’

Chapter 5.2. Escape through spawning by seabream (Sparus aurata)

Chapter 5.3. Extent and ecological importance of spawning in sea-cages for Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.)

Chapter 5.4. No evidence of egg escape from meagre (Argyrosomus regius) aquaculture under current practices

Chapter 5.5. EGG Escape: General Conclusions & Recommendations

Chapter 6.1. Preventing and mitigating escapes through research to underpin technological and operational improvements for seacage farming and recapture technologies

Chapter 6.2. Damage to the net cage

Chapter 6.3. Assessment of escape critical loads and damages from fish bite

Chapter 6.4. Investigation of the properties of materials and technologies used in aquaculture

Chapter 6.5. Sea-load exposure

Chapter 6.6. Recapture of escaped seabass and seabream in the Mediterranean Sea

Chapter 6.7. Recapture of escaped juvenile cod (Gadus morhua) in Northern Norway

Chapter 6.8. ‘Escape through spawning’: solutions to reduce the escapes of viable fish eggs from sea-cages

Chapter 7. Recommendations and guidelines for the design of fish farms, management and operation of equipment

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